2.12 Emergency Planning and Response
29 CFR 1910.119 (n)
The employer shall establish and implement an emergency action plan for the entire plant in accordance with the
provisions of 29 CFR 1910.38(a). In addition, the emergency action plan shall include procedures for handling small
releases. Employers covered under this standard may also be subject to the hazardous waste and emergency
response provisions contained in 29 CFR 1910.120(a), (p) and (q).
Emergency planning and response are required under the PSM Rule to mitigate the
consequences of catastrophic chemical releases. Emergency plans form the last line of defense in
protecting workers from such events. Plans must specify evacuation routes, safe zones, and
alarms; incident reporting; actions an employee should take to stop releases; and preplanning for
incidental releases. The PSM Rule requires DOE contractors to develop an emergency action
plan in compliance with 29 CFR 1910.38(a). Plans must include procedures for dealing with
small chemical releases. In addition, DOE contractors are subject to the emergency response
provisions in 29 CFR 1910.120, Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response.
Corresponding DOE Programs and Requirements
DOE O 151.1B, COMPREHENSIVE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, deals with
emergency preparedness for DOE contractors. Little modification of DOE requirements or site
emergency plans is expected to address the emergency planning and response requirements of
the PSM Rule. Existing emergency plans for DOE facilities must already comply with the
requirements of 29 CFR 1910.38 and 29 CFR 1910.120, both of which are required by DOE
order. Nevertheless, emergency plans should be reviewed to ensure that they adequately address
the requirements of this element.
Detailed written emergency plans are required for subcontractor facilities with processes covered
by the PSM Rule.
Minimum Implementation Criteria
Emergency plans must be developed and current for all processes covered by the PSM Rule.
DOE contractor employees must be trained to respond in accordance with the plans, which must
emergency procedures and responsibilities;
the location of safe zones;
types of accidents considered;
a description of alarms;
procedures for safe shutdown before evacuation;