2.0 Process Safety Management Elements
The PSM Rule describes a comprehensive management system containing 14 elements for
effective control of process hazards. The word system implies the integration of all management
elements with a method for assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of implementation. The
elements of the PSM Rule discussed in this section are an interrelated set of management
systems associated with the process, people, production, and preparedness, as shown in Figure
This section describes the intent of each element; corresponding DOE programs and
requirements; documentation requirements; and minimum implementation criteria for
development of new programs or evaluation of existing ones. Where DOE Orders are referenced,
associated DOE Manuals and Contractor Requirement Documents should also be consulted.
DOE contractors can use the implementation criteria to determine when the requirements of the
element are satisfied. Each section concludes with questions and answers based on OSHA's
interpretation of the PSM Rule. Appendix C compares the elements of the PSM Rule with the
provisions of the EPA's Risk Management Program.
Figure 2.1 The Process Safety Management System