29 CFR 1910.119 (g)
Each employee presently involved in operating a process, and each employee before being involved in
operating a newly assigned process, shall be trained in an overview of the process and in the operating
procedures as specified in paragraph (f) of this section. The training shall include emphasis on the specific
safety and health hazards, emergency operations including shutdown, and safe work practices applicable to
the employee's job tasks.
In lieu of initial training for those employees already involved in operating a process on (Insert the
effective date of the standard), an employer may certify in writing that the employee has the required
knowledge, skills, and abilities to safely carry out the duties and responsibilities as specified in the
Refresher training. Refresher training shall be provided at least every three years, and more often if necessary, to
each employee involved in operating a process to assure that the employee understands and adheres to the current
operating procedures of the process. The employer, in consultation with the employees involved in operating the
process, shall determine the appropriate frequency of refresher training.
Training documentation. The employer shall ascertain that each employee involved in operating a process has
received and understood the training required by this paragraph. The employer shall prepare a record which
contains the identity of the employee, the date of training, and the means used to verify that the employee
understood the training.
DOE contractors must train all employees involved in operating and maintaining chemical
processes covered by the PSM Rule, including supervisors and managers, and temporary or
intermittent workers [Q66]. Contractors must decide what level of training is needed and how
that training is to be provided (e.g., classroom, hands on, on the job, equipment familiarization).
Training must ensure competency, and contractors must document the means used to employee
understanding (e.g., tests, demonstration of skills, etc.). Training must result in employees
chemical hazards and the controls;
safe operating limits and how to avoid unsafe conditions;
how to respond to upset and emergency conditions; and
opportunities available for employees to contribute to process safety improvements.
Training programs should have the following elements:
Written training plans and schedules.
Training materials on the process tasks.
Methods to ensure that competencies are developed (e.g., testing appropriate to the
complexity of the operations and the hazards involved).