Change Notice No. 1
2.8 Emergency Management
DOE O 151.1B and its related guides establish requirements for Comprehensive
DOE O 151.1B
Emergency Management Systems. In July 1998, the DOE Office of Independent
Oversight found a number of weaknesses in both DOE and contractor Emergency
Management programs. These findings indicate that this area should be closely
examined in the evaluation of site chemical management programs.
Proper risk assessment, planning, and preparation followed by appropriate and
timely response to emergencies is the most effective way to protect the worker, the
public, and the environment in case of accidental releases of hazardous substances.
Decisions regarding potential exposures should be addressed before an incident
occurs. During an emergency, little time exists to resolve such issues or to practice
and refine roles and responsibilities. Functions, authorities, and responsibilities for
emergency management should be documented and all personnel properly trained.
This goal is greatly enhanced by participation in an integrated planning process,
including exercising and periodically revising the plan as needed.
DOE sites and facilities need to evaluate preparedness for hazardous materials
incidents and plan accordingly, choosing the planning elements and processes most
appropriate to their circumstances (i.e., geographic size, types of hazards,
populations at risk, resources, and level of preparedness).
These elements should be incorporated in a single emergency preparedness and
response plan that incorporates and integrates all of the various emergency
requirements from DOE directives, as well as federal and state laws and
Various explanations of the planning process can be found in the following
DOE O 5500.3A
DOE O 5501.1
documents: DOE Orders 5500.3A, 5501.1, .2 and .3; Guide for All-Hazard
DOE O 5501.2
DOE O 5501.3
Emergency Operations Planning [Federal Emergency Management Agency
(FEMA) State and Local Guide (SLG) 101]; Hazardous Materials Emergency
Planning Guide (NRT-1); Technical Guidance for Hazards Analysis
(EPA/FEMA/DOT); Handbook of Chemical Hazard Analysis Procedures