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Life Cycle Management of Shock Sensitive Chemicals
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Chemical Management - index
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Classes of Inherently Shock Sensitive Chemicals


DOE-HDBK-1139/1-2000
upright, an explosion occurred and a fireball filled the fume hood. The slight handling of the can
was enough of a mechanical shock to cause peroxide crystals in the top portion of the can to
explode.
EXAMPLES OF SHOCK SENSITIVE CHEMICALS
The following are only examples. Not all members of the above classes may be or may become
shock sensitive. Likewise, some chemicals in classes not listed above may be or may become
shock sensitive. Currently there is no available methodology that would allow DOE to
create a thorough definition or an exhaustive list of shock sensitive or potentially shock
sensitive chemicals. Additional lists of chemicals or chemical classes of shock sensitive
chemicals have been published (2, 4, 5, 12, 15, 23).
Classes of Inherently Shock Sensitive Chemicals:
Azides:
Silver azide,
Organic azides,
Metal azides,
Nonmetal azides
(-N3 or N3-)
Acetylides of heavy metals:
Copper, silver, and mercury salts
(-CCH)
Amine oxide:
(=N+-O-)
Chlorite Salts:
Silver chlorite
(Cl02-)
Diazomethane,
(-N=N-) Diazonium salts (when dry),
benzene diazonium chloride
(-N2+)
Fulminates:
Fulminating Silver
(ONC-)
Haloamines:
Chloro benzyl amine
(-NHX)
D- 2


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