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Chemical Management Program - doe-hdbk-1139-1-2000_CN10022
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Hazard Analysis cont'd


DOE-HDBK-1139/1-2000
Change Notice No. 1
2.1 Hazard Analysis
All chemicals have the potential to pose a hazard to human or environmental health
and safety. Even essential chemicals, such as oxygen and water, may cause injury,
fatality, or property damage given a specific set of conditions. It is the purpose of
the hazard analysis to identify the conditions that can lead to these problems. In
addition, the hazard analysis should address the severity of hazards, options for
eliminating or substituting less toxic chemicals, assessing the feasibility of
controlling the associated hazards, and assessing costs involved in the safe disposal
of the chemicals. Ultimately the hazard analysis should lead to the identification of
procedures in which chemical substances can be used in a safe, non-polluting
manner.
Hazard analysis is a continuous process performed prior to the time a chemical is
requested for purchase through final disposal. Early integration of exposure and
hazard assessment with work planning activities will help ensure that potential
exposures associated with the work are addressed in the work plan.
As part of a site's overall ISMS, hazard analyses are conducted at the site, facility,
activity, and task levels utilizing a variety of resources. The need for an integrated
approach is illustrated by reviewing DOE directives, and OSHA and EPA standards
and regulations, many of which call for some type of hazard analysis. At the
nuclear facility level, DOE-STD-3009-94, the preparation guide for SARs, requires
DOE-STD-3009-94
hazard analysis in Chapter 3, "Hazard and Accident Analyses," and Chapter 8,
Section 11, "Occupational Chemical Exposures." At the activity or worker level,
DOE O 440.1A
DOE O 440.1A and its related guides (DOE G 440.1-1 and DOE G 440.1-3)
DOE G 440.1-1
DOE G 440.1-3
requires the identification of workplace hazards and evaluation of risk, and calls out
OSHA standards (i.e., 29 CFR 1910 and 29 CFR 1926).
Examples of the OSHA standards requiring hazard analyses, either directly or
29 CFR 1910.119
indirectly, include 29 CFR 1910.119 and 29 CFR 1926.64 [Process Safety
1910.120
1910.1200
Management], 29 CFR 1910.120 and 29 CFR 1926.65 [Hazardous Waste
1910.1450
29 CFR 1926.64
Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER)], 29 CFR 1910.1200 and 29
1926.65
1926.59
CFR 1926.59 [Hazard Communication], 29 CFR 1910.1450 [Occupational
17


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