Change Notice No. 1
2.7 Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization
Pollution prevention and waste minimization should be considered during planning,
acquisition, use, consumption, excessing, recycling, and waste disposal. If the
chemical management program does not cover waste management, some interface
and coordination with the site waste management program should be in place.
Pollution prevention is the most responsible and preferred approach to minimizing
DOE's impact on the environment and minimizing potential health effects on
workers using toxic or hazardous substances or handling wastes, reducing
compliance vulnerabilities, and saving money otherwise spent on waste
management. Pollution prevention is one of the fundamental principles underlying
Environmental Management Systems and, as such, should be part of each DOE
site's ISMS. DOE and contractor pollution prevention coordinators should be
requirements and site needs.
The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 established a hierarchy of preferred practices:
Prevent or reduce at the source (source reduction);
Recycle in an environmentally safe manner;
Treat in an environmentally safe manner; and
Employ disposal or other release into the environment only as a last
resort and conduct in an environmentally safe manner.
In a memorandum dated November 12, 1999, the Secretary of Energy announced a
November 12, 1999,
pollution prevention and energy efficiency leadership program with five
environmental objectives, including:
Design and operate DOE facilities using pollution prevention processes
that lead to minimal waste generation and lowest life-cycle costs; and
Diminish use of environmentally harmful materials, equipment, and
processes to minimize releases of toxic chemicals, ozone-depleting
substances, and greenhouse gases.