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DOE-HDBK-1139/1-2000
Change Notice No. 1
2.4 Transportation
The safe transportation of chemicals includes movement of materials from site to
site, from storage to facility, and within a site. A major transportation concern is
the potential health and environmental hazards associated with spills resulting from
dropping or vehicle accidents.
Sites comply with Department of Transportation (DOT) requirements (49 CFR
172.329), as do the suppliers of the chemicals. In addition, transportation
requirements are found in OSHA regulations (29 CFR 1910.120 (q), 1910.1200,
29 CFR1910.120
1910.1200
1910.176, 1910.178). However, it is good practice to have specific procedures for
1910.176
1910.178
the internal transportation of materials, which avoid or minimize the potential for
spills. These procedures should be properly documented. Transportation also is
often tracked in the site chemical inventory systems.
Roadside emergencies require quick action such as that found in the 2004 DOT
Emergency
Emergency Response Guide Book. For complete information, contact the shipper.
Response Guide
Book
Each shipment requires shipping papers that are placed in the cab of the truck. The
shipping paper has an emergency contact phone number. Other emergency
information can be found in the Chemical Transportation Emergency Center
(CHEMTREC) system.
Transportation incidents that result in spills in excess of EPA reportable quantities
40 CFR 302.4
(40 CFR 302.4) must be reported to the National Response Center. Spills must also
be reported to state and local emergency response organizations as required by 40
CFR 355.40.
40 CFR 355.40
Workers need to understand their roles and responsibilities in responding to a
United Nations
hazardous materials incident. Everyone involved in the transportation function
Placarding
should be familiar with DOT and United Nations placarding, as well as DOT rules
for marking, packaging, and describing hazardous materials, and training (49 CFR
172). Those involved also need to know the special rules for loading, unloading,
driving, and parking a truck with hazardous materials (including 49 CFR 172.329).
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