Transportation refers to all vehicular movement of chemicals, including movement subject to
DOT regulations for public roads, site transportation on non-public roads, and movement of
chemicals within and between buildings. It excludes handling and movement of chemicals by
cart and other s imple means of delivery.
Storage includes all chemical phases and all types of containers including, but not limited to,
tanks, piping, cylinders, and containers of solid, liquid, or gaseous chemicals. Storage includes
all chemicals or chemical products, including used and unused chemicals, sealed, opened, or
partially filled containers, working solutions, day- use containers, and chemical "heels" left
within tanks, piping, or other containers.
Chemical storage requirements must be considered whenever chemical procurements are
contemplated. Chemical quantities, incompatibilities, and shelf lives are important
considerations in the selection of warehousing facilities and storage locations. Also, the
potential impact on a facility's safety basis should be investigated prior to accepting chemicals
The CSLM Manager is responsible for developing policies and procedures for chemical storage,
handling and use with the assistance of other functional disciplines such as chemistry, fire
protection, industrial hygiene, industrial safety, and safety a nalysis, and in compliance with
applicable laws and regulations. Refer to Volume 3, Chapter 4 of the DOE Chemical
Management Handbook for a detailed list of chemical storage requirements.
Hazard controls should be developed immediately after the hazards have been identified and
analyzed at any stage of t he chemical lifecycle: from acquisition, handling, storage, use, and
transportation to disposition and dis posal. Hazard controls should be selected using the
following hierarchy: (a) hazard elimination through chemical substitution or process
modification, when practical, (b) engineering controls, (c) administrative controls, and (d)
personal protective equip ment (PPE). The contractor should implement a hazard communication
program for site workers and a chemical hygiene program for laboratory operations.
The following are examples of typical hazard controls:
chemical and environmental reviews of procureme nt requests for special hazard chemicals
and chemicals with environmental issues such as ozone depleting substa nces and high
procedures for safe storage based on chemical compatibility considerations
policies and procedures for handling a nd transportation of chemicals including aerosols,
compressed gases, and cryogenic fluids