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DOE-HDBK-1139/2-2006
5.2.1
Hazard Identification and Analysis
Core elements of the ISMS should be adopted at each process or activity level. Process hazards
identification and analysis, job hazards identification and analysis, and workplace hazard
identification and analysis for safety and environmental concerns should be co nducted by
specialists conducting walkthroughs, employee and supervisor training, safety meetings, or
combinations thereof. These efforts should help identify the hazards associated with the process,
activity, or substance and define the necessary controls to protect the worker, the public, and the
environment. Appropriate safety basis documentation should be developed for both nuc lear and
non-nuclear facilities using a graded approach to characterize the chemical hazards.
Additionally, a formal Management of Change process should be in place for the developed
safety basis doc uments. The CSLM Manager should support conducting periodic facility hazard
assessments.
A program for identify ing and analyzing chemical hazards should include: a description of the
process, job, or experiment; chemical information related to the function; and any laboratory
experiment that enables associated hazards to be identified and understood.
Safety reviews should include pre-startup hazard reviews for new or modified facilities,
processes or laboratory experiments. Additionally, safety documentation should be reviewed at
prescribed frequencies and updated, as necessary, to identify and account for the following
events:
significant changes in the process;
availability of new chemical hazard information;
changes in process chemicals (including physical form, purity, major impurities);
inventory changes; or
facility modifications.
In compliance with the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, the CSLM program should
develop a mechanism for acquiring and providing employee access to MSDSs for all chemical
products used onsite. Each MSDS should be reviewed for technical errors and any identified
errors should be flagged. If there is disagreement or a question regarding information on a
MSDS, it should be discussed with a SME and with the manufacturer, when necessary.
5.2.2
Acquisition
Acquisition includes approval and procurement of chemicals and chemical products for
individuals or organizations requiring chemicals to be brought onsite. This includes any other
mechanism, besides the normal procurement route, by which chemicals are acquired or brought
onto the site. Possible acquisition methods include materials supplied by subcontractors, excess
chemicals obtained from other DOE sites, and new research chemicals received from offsite for
laboratory testing. Reutilization of existing inventory should be considered as the first source of
supply. Moreover, source reduction through environmentally preferable product substitution
should be thoroughly investigated before the acquisition of any new toxic or hazardous
chemicals.
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