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Improving Worker Awareness of Radiological Conditions - doe-std-1098-99_reaffirmed_2004_120022


DOE-STD-1098-99
Radiological Control
Excellence in Radiological Control
June 2004
Due to the continuing concerns of many individuals related to low radiation exposure and health impacts, managers
should be trained to deal with personnel perceptions concerning radiation risks. Managers and first-line supervisors
should be sensitive to the fact that workers have to understand the fundamentals of radiation, its risks, and their role in
controlling exposure. It is not sufficient to rely solely on regulatory limits for establishing or defining acceptable work
practices and work environments.
1.
Appropriate training in accordance with Article 651 is helpful in dealing with workers who have anxiety about
radiation.
2.
Some individuals, such as those who have had internal depositions of radionuclides, may be concerned about future
doses. Such instances warrant special attention on the part of the manager. Counseling with such individuals is the
preferred way to consider relevant factors. In some cases, special control levels as described in Article 216 should
be applied.
125 Conduct of Radiological Operations
1.
This Standard is consistent with the provisions of DOE 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE
Facilities. The concepts of all chapters of DOE 5480.19 apply to the conduct of radiological control activities.
2.
Managers at all levels should be involved in the planning, scheduling, and conduct of radiological work. Assurance
of adequate radiological safety should not be compromised to achieve production, remediation, or research
objectives.
3.
Supervisors should be technically knowledgeable and inquisitive and should ask questions of the work force
concerning radiological work details to verify worker comprehension.
4.
Line managers should periodically monitor work areas to observe personnel at work and to identify good
radiological work practices and radiological deficiencies and concerns. Frequent inspections and walk-throughs,
including off-hours and weekends (where appropriate), are essential to reinforce management expectations to the
work force.
5.
Managers, supervisors, and workers should be involved in the development of accurate, clear, written procedures
for performing radiological work. If during the use of procedures a written requirement cannot be responsibly
followed, the work should be stopped and guidance obtained.
6.
Supervisors and managers should encourage the work force to identify radiological control deficiencies and
concerns. Prompt action should be taken to address and eliminate identified issues and prevent recurrence.
Training, indoctrination, and procedure review are useful in addressing these issues.
7.
Managers and supervisors should establish working conditions that encourage improved radiological control. This
includes temperature, humidity, and lighting as well as the more difficult considerations of accessibility. Work
conditions should be considered in planning work.
8.
Cleanliness and good housekeeping are essential. A good radiological control program cannot exist in a sloppy,
dirty workplace. Cleaning up after operations should be automatic for each person. It is not reasonable to expect
radiological control to be separated from the work environment; they go together.
9.
Subcontractors and subcontracted employees should be treated the same as facility staff in the area of radiological
control matters, shall have comparable radiation safety training [see 835.901], and should meet the same
requirements and expectations.
-11


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