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Mixed Waste - doe-std-1098-99_reaffirmed_2004_120104


DOE-STD-1098-99
Radiological Control
Radioactive Materials
June 2004
PART 4 Solid Radioactive Waste Management
441 Requirements
1.
DOE O 435.1 describes how solid radioactive waste is treated, packaged, stored, transported, and disposed.
2.
Radiological operations generating radioactive waste shall be designed and developed to promote minimization and
permit segregation, monitoring, treatment, storage, and disposal [DOE O 435.1].
3.
Radioactive waste minimization goals and practices shall be developed and implemented [DOE O 435.1].
442 Waste Minimization
A radioactive waste minimization program shall be in effect to reduce the generation of radioactive waste and spread of
contamination from contamination, high contamination, or airborne radioactivity areas [see DOE O 435.1]. The
following practices should be evaluated and instituted as appropriate to support waste minimization:
1.
Restrict material entering radiological buffer areas and other areas surrounding radiological areas to that needed for
performance of work.
2.
Restrict quantities of hazardous materials, such as paints, solvents, chemicals, cleaners, and fuels, entering
radiological buffer areas and other areas surrounding radiological areas and implement measures to prevent
inadvertent radioactive contamination of these materials.
3.
Substitute recyclable or burnable items in place of disposable ones and reuse equipment, chemicals, solvents, and
cleaners when practical.
4.
Select consumable materials such as protective coverings and clothing that are compatible with waste-processing
systems, volume reduction, and waste form acceptance criteria.
5.
Reserve an assortment of tools primarily for use in contamination, high contamination, or airborne radioactivity
areas. Tools should be maintained in a designated storage or distribution area or a contaminated tool crib. Controls
should be established for tool issuance and use.
6.
Survey potentially contaminated material from radiological areas to separate uncontaminated from contaminated
materials.
7.
Segregate known uncontaminated from potentially contaminated waste.
8.
Segregate reusable items, such as protective clothing, respirators, and tools, at the step-off pad.
9.
Minimize the number and size of radioactive material areas.
10. Emphasize training in waste reduction philosophies, techniques, and improved methods.
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