and implemented to provide guidance, direction control, and limitations for
activities. Administrative controls include the documents that describe
organizational interfaces and prescribe controls for radiation protection.
Administrative controls, especially procedures, should be reviewed by those
responsible for ALARA to ensure that radiation exposure activities include dose
Factors that must always be considered in an ALARA program are the costs and
benefits. This is especially important when the identified benefit represents a very
small increment of radiation dose reduction. Funds for dose reduction should
always be applied to actions which will achieve the greatest dose reduction for the
The final decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of a plutonium facility
should be given consideration in both the original design of the facility and any
modifications done to the facility during its operating lifetime. Likewise, D&D
should be given consideration in choosing operating processes and practices for the
facility, including any changes in processes and practices during its operating
lifetime. Both design and operating activities can affect the radiation levels and
personnel doses encountered by workers who perform the D&D activities. To the
extent practicable, design and operations should provide for radiation levels that are
ALARA during D&D activities.
The successful implementation of an ALARA program requires the commitment,
support, attention, and efforts of all members of an organization. In facilities in
which the radiation exposures are already relatively low, implementation of the
ALARA concept is particularly challenging. The reduction of radiation doses to
ALARA levels demonstrates to workers and the public a continued emphasis,
commitment, and concern for health and safety.