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DOE-STD-1128-98
APPENDIX B
PLUTONIUM IN DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FACILITIES
The mission of the DOE complex has changed significantly from the operation of the many and
varied facilities required for the production of a nuclear deterrent system to maintenance of a
smaller-scale nuclear weapons program, dismantling of surplus weapons, and decontamination
and decommissioning of facilities no longer needed. Many, although not all, of the DOE facilities
were involved in the production, separation, processing, handling, or storing of plutonium. This
appendix describes those DOE facilities which were significantly involved in these activities. It
provides future users of this manual with a brief description of the facilities and processes
involving plutonium within the DOE complex. Personnel at facilities with similar needs are
encouraged to contact one another and share information for increased safety and efficiency.
Many of the plutonium facilities given in this appendix are no longer in production and either are
currently or are scheduled to be incorporated into the environmental restoration program. The
following descriptions will alert the user to potential plutonium concerns within the facility.
B.1
ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY - WEST
Research and development activities involving plutonium at the Argonne National
Laboratory have been limited to Argonne West at the Idaho National Engineering
Laboratory (INEL). Pu-U-Mo alloy fuel plates used in the Zero Power Physics Reactor are
in storage at the facility. Some fuel-cycle research and development using plutonium has
been conducted, and plutonium metal and oxides are in storage.
B.2
BATTELLE COLUMBUS LABORATORY - WEST JEFFERSON FACILITY
The West Jefferson Facility Nuclear Sciences area contained a hot laboratory, an
administrative building, a retired research reactor, and a decommissioned plutonium
laboratory. The hot laboratory was used for the examination of irradiated reactor fuel and
other materials, as well as for other purposes such as the preparation of sealed radiation
sources. Entire power reactor fuel assemblies were handled in this facility. The
administrative building was used for critical experiments from 1957 through 1963. The
operating license was terminated in 1970 although a storage vault was still being used for
special nuclear material storage in 1987. The research reactor ceased operation in 1975 and
was being decommissioned in 1987. Since the plutonium laboratory was dismantled in
1985, only hazardous materials operations have been conducted. The facility has been
undergoing decontamination and decommissioning, which should be completed in the near
future.
B.3
FEED MATERIAL PRODUCTION CENTER
The Feed Material Production Center was primarily a uranium processing and production
facility. However, trace quantities of plutonium were found in some of the recycled feed
uranium. The site is undergoing decontamination and decommissioning.
B-1


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