The systematic generation and retention of records relating to the occupational radiation
protection program are essential to describe the occupational radiation exposure received
by workers and the conditions under which the exposures occurred. Such records have
potential value for medical, epidemiological, and legal purposes.
Regulation 10 C FR 835 (DOE, 1998a) establishes radiation protection program records
requirements. The standard, Radiological Control, Ch. 1. (DOE, 2004), provides guidance
for radiation protection program records.
10 CFR 835 Subpart H requires that records be maintained that document compliance with
10 CFR 835. Subpart H requires specific information on the following types of records:
-- Individual monitoring records
-- Monitoring and workplace records
-- Administrative Records
Most of the required radiological records have established retention periods. The retention
periods are discussed in DOE Order 200.1, Information Management Program (DOE,
1996a). Individual records may be covered by the Privacy Act; the DOE has codified the
Privacy Act in 10 CFR 1008, Records Maintained on Individuals (Privacy Act) (DOE,
Detailed guidance on development and maintenance of a radiological exposure
recordkeeping and reporting system can be found in DOE Implementation Guide G 441.1-
2, Implementation Guides Occupational Radiation Protection Record-keeping and
Reporting (DOE, 1999b).
ALARA AND OPTIMIZATION
The policy of maintaining radiation exposures ALARA has existed in principle since the
early 1940s. The evolution of ALARA into a formal program began in the early 1960s. It is
well to remember that the ALARA approach was applied to radiation protection far earlier
and is much more institutionalized than any comparable approach to other hazards.