Quantcast Waste Management - doe-std-1128-98_ch10213

 

Click here to make tpub.com your Home Page

Page Title: Waste Management
Back | Up | Next

Click here for thousands of PDF manuals

Google


Web
www.tpub.com

Home

   
Information Categories
.... Administration
Advancement
Aerographer
Automotive
Aviation
Construction
Diving
Draftsman
Engineering
Electronics
Food and Cooking
Logistics
Math
Medical
Music
Nuclear Fundamentals
Photography
Religion
   
   

 

Share on Google+Share on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on TwitterShare on DiggShare on Stumble Upon
Back
Department of Energy Plutonium Vulnerability Analysis Study cont'd - doe-std-1128-98_ch10211
Up
DOE Standard Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection In Plutonium Facilities
Next
Table 8.1. Waste Types(a) - doe-std-1128-98_ch10214


DOE-STD-1128-98
8.0
WASTE MANAGEMENT
A material is a waste once there is no identified use or recycle value for it. Normally,
wastes are considered by their physical form as either solids, liquids, or gasses, except that
containerized liquids are considered solid waste under some of the current regulations.
Although these forms are each processed differently, there are interrelationships. For
example, it may be possible to reduce solid waste by replacing disposable protective
clothing with reusable clothing that must be laundered. The laundry will produce liquid
waste. In treating liquid waste, solids may be generated, for example, filters or ion
exchange resins. By careful engineering, waste generation, and treatment alternatives, a site
can minimize the total waste volume and elect to generate types of waste that can be
disposed of. The following sections address potentially contaminated waste and waste
terminology and handling of airborne waste, solid waste, and liquid waste. The treatment of
excess materials to reclaim plutonium is not a waste treatment process and is not discussed
here.
8.1
POTENTIALLY CONTAMINATED WASTES
This section discusses the generation, processing, storage, and disposal of wastes in
plutonium facilities. It is divided by waste types, treatability groups, and waste disposal.
8.1.1
Waste Types
In addition to the classification of waste by physical form, regulatory definitions
determine how waste can be disposed. The Secretary of Energy Notice 37-92,
"Waste Minimization Crosscut Plan Implementation" (SEN, 1992), requires annual
reports of waste generation by type, waste stream, site, and program. The waste
classifications used in the DOE Annual Reports are defined in Table 8.1.
A plutonium facility may generate any of these types of waste, except that high-
level waste (HLW) will be generated only from irradiated reactor fuel. Any waste
containing at least 100 nCi/g of transuranics (TRU), including plutonium, will be
classified as TRU or TRU mixed waste. Waste containing detectable quantities of
radioactive materials but less than 100 nCi/g of transuranics will be low-level
waste (LLW).
The distinction between sanitary waste and very low-level radioactive waste can be
technically a difficult one. Sometimes, material is designated LLW waste because
the conditions of use could have resulted in contamination that would be difficult to
detect. Techniques and limitations for doing this are discussed below with
reference to solid waste.
8-1


Privacy Statement - Press Release - Copyright Information. - Contact Us

Integrated Publishing, Inc.