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DOE-EM-STD-5503-94
11.0. EMERGENCY RESPONSE/CONTINGENCY PLAN
11.1. BACKGROUND
The site-specific Emergency Response/Contingency Plan, also referred to as Emergency
Response Plan (ERP), should be designed as a separate section of the HASP and should be
compatible and integrated with the disaster, fire, and emergency response plans of local, state,
and Federal agencies. Where applicable, the plan should be coordinated with other DOE
elements at the installation. The purpose of the ERP is to protect workers in emergency
situations resulting from the release of all types of hazardous substances, including Extremely
Hazardous Substances, CERCLA hazardous substances, RCRA hazardous wastes, and any
substance listed by the U.S. Department of Transportation as a hazardous material. The
requirements for an ERP at hazardous waste sites are codified in 29 CFR 1910.120. The ERP
should be developed and implemented prior to beginning site operations. Hazardous waste site
operations should not begin until the ERP is in place.
Sites with RCRA permitted treatment, storage, and disposal facilities for hazardous waste,
having the required contingency plan meeting the requirements of their permit, would not need to
duplicate the same planning elements. Those items of the ERP that are properly addressed in the
permit contingency plan may be substituted into the ERP required by 29 CFR 1910.120.
The objective of this chapter is to describe the minimum required elements of the ERP, which are
as follows:
Pre-emergency planning;
Personnel roles, lines of authority, and communication;
Emergency recognition and prevention;
Safe distances and places of refuge;
Site security and control;
Evacuation routes and procedures;
Decontamination procedures;
Emergency medical treatment/first aid;
Emergency alerting and response procedures;
Critique of response and follow-up;
PPE and emergency equipment; and
Procedures for reporting incidents to local, state, and Federal governmental agencies.
Elements identified above may require data that has already been created and documented in
other chapters of the HASP (i.e., site characterizations, hazard assessments, maps, transportation
routes, etc.). Copies of this documentation should be incorporated into the ERP.
11-1


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