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DOE-EM-STD-5503-94
11.2. PRE-EMERGENCY PLANNING
The objective of pre-emergency planning is to be prepared to safely respond to anticipated
emergencies prior to commencement of hazardous waste operations. Additionally,
29 CFR 1910.120(1)(3)(B)(iii) establishes pre-planning to ensure that the ERP is compatible and
integrated with the disaster, fire, and/or emergency response plans of local, state, and Federal
agencies.
To ensure the complete integration of emergency response activities with outside organizations,
this section of the ERP should include the following:
An explanation of the relationship between site organizations and local governmental
response agencies (e.g., host, county, state);
A list of all emergency plans affecting the site;
A description of the relationship between this plan and other plans affecting the site;
A description of the ways in which all ERPs are integrated with local response plans;
A description of the function and responsibilities of all local response organizations at the
site (e.g., public and private sectors, volunteer organizations, and charitable
organizations); and
A listing of all mutual agreements and other arrangements for sharing data and response
resources.
The following technical items should be considered during pre-planning and included in this
section of the ERP:
Scenarios for potential credible accidents which may take place during site operations or
along transportation routes;
Operations at the site that possess hazardous substances/activities and the transportation
routes along which these substances should move;
Other facilities/activities which may contribute to the overall site risk;
Site topography, layout, and prevailing weather conditions;
Potential off-site impacts [e.g., special populations (infants, the aged) and sensitive
institutions (hospitals, schools, daycare center)]; and
ERP rehearsals and drills.
The ERP should be reviewed and revised on a regular basis.or as necessary, by the Site Safety
and Health Officer (SSHO). This will ensure the plan is adequate and consistent with prevailing
site conditions.
11.3. PERSONNEL ROLES, LINES OF AUTHORITY, AND COMMUNICATIONS
This section of the ERP, used in conjunction with Chapter 2, Key Personnel, should identify and
define the roles of all personnel, organizations, and teams, both onsite and offsite, who will
11-2


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