1.0. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
In the 1986 amendments to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and
Liability Act (CERCLA), Congress tasked the Administrators of the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Secretary of the
Department of Transportation (DOT), and the Director of the National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH) to modify the National Contingency Plan (NCP) (40 CFR 300) to
provide for protection of health and safety of employees involved in response actions. To satisfy
this directive, standards requiring the development of a site-specific health and safety plan
(HASP) were established by OSHA in 29 CFR 1910.120, Hazardous Waste Operations and
Emergency Response (HAZWOPER), and incorporated into the NCP (40 CFR 300.150).
Additionally, the NCP requires compliance with standards and regulations of the Occupational
Safety and Health Act, including such standards as Construction Safety (29 CFR 1926) and
General Industry Standards (29 CFR 1910), where applicable. DOE Orders 5480.1B and
5483.1A require compliance with these standards.
This guidance document is intended to assist in the preparation of site-specific HASPs that will
meet or exceed the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.120.
This chapter summarizes the regulatory framework upon which the site-specific HASPs for EM-
40 facilities will be based. It is the intent of this chapter to provide clear, concise direction
regarding compliance with 29 CFR 1910.120(b)(4)(ii) as applied to EM-40 facilities.
Some sections of this chapter describe techniques or modifications that are not specifically
included in the HAZWOPER standard. EM-40 has adopted these additions, based on industry
practice, perceived operational weaknesses, other occupational safety and health standards, or
other considerations. If an existing HASP at any EM-40 site meets or exceeds the requirements
of this chapter, no modifications to that HASP are necessary. Unless otherwise noted, the
information requirements shall be included in at least one section and references made in other
sections, as necessary.
1.2. SITE-SPECIFIC HASP REQUIREMENTS
The site-specific HASP should include an introduction to the plan. The main purpose of the
introduction is to describe the site the HASP will encompass and its applicability to operations. In
developing this description the preparer should include:
A brief description,
Background information (e.g., site history, prior site activities),