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DOE-EM-STD-5503-94
Handling radiological materials with removable contamination in excess of levels
established in the DOE Radiological Control Manual, or manuals implementing these
requirements, or when working in radiologically controlled areas in which PPE
requirements have been established; or
Existing or potential physical and/or biological hazards pose a threat to worker safety and
health.
Required PPE should be discussed with site workers prior to the start of work. Employees
should be trained and have passed a baseline medical examination for the use of prescribed PPE.
The HASP should implement a written PPE program containing operating procedures that
comply with the applicable requirements of 29 CFR 1910.120, DOE 5480.4, and the DOE
Radiological Control Manual. If such a written PPE program consistent with those requirements
is not already in place, written procedures and requirements for the use of PPE should be
included in the HASP.
5.3. SELECTION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Selection of PPE, based on requirements of 29 CFR 1910 and applicable DOE Orders, is key to
protecting the safety and health of site personnel. This should be done by qualified and
knowledgeable professionals to insure that selected PPE protects workers from site-specific
hazards posed by their task and work zone.
The use, maintenance and disposal of radiological PPE is governed by the DOE Radiological
Control Manual.
Selection of the most appropriate level of protection and combinations of respiratory protection
and protective clothing will depend on:
Level of knowledge of onsite chemical and radiological hazards;
Properties such as toxicity, radioactivity, route of exposure, and matrix of the
contaminants known or suspected of being present;
Type and measured concentrations of the contaminants that are known or suspected of
being present;
Potential for exposure to contaminants in air, liquids, soils, or by direct contact with
hazardous materials;
Physical hazards;
Climatic conditions; and
Biological hazards.
Based on the evaluation of potential hazards that will vary with individual field activities, PPE
should be selected for specific tasks and work areas (e.g., Exclusion Zone, Contamination
Reduction Zone). The specific PPE required for each work area and/or task should be
5-2


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