maintain their ability to respond to abnormal or accident situations. This Handbook has direct
applicability for those facilities having certified operators and supervisors. It describes several
methods of developing, conducting, critiquing, and evaluating drills. Where drill programs are
not specifically required by DOE Directives (e.g., facilities not subject to 5480.20A), portions of
this Handbook may be selectively implemented by a facility to improve the training and
qualification of its operating personnel.
Numerous methods of conducting drills are available to a facility. There is no one set way to
conduct drills, and the facility should develop drill scenarios that utilize the facility and facility
operating personnel during all conditions of facility operation. DOE 5480.20A also encourages
the use of alternative approaches to training. Alternative methods of conducting drills that are
presently being used at DOE facilities are discussed in Section 11, Alternative Methods of
Conducting Drills. The information presented in this Handbook can be applied to any method or
setting chosen. Whatever the method or setting, the drill scenario should meet the needs of the
facility operating personnel.
The processes described herein may also be used to develop drill scenarios that require
assistance from other facilities or for site emergency drills. Specific recommendations
concerning the development of these drills are not offered since the 5500 series of DOE Orders,
especially DOE 5500.3A, Planning and Preparedness for Operational Emergencies, DOE-HDBK-
5504-95, Guidance for Evaluation of Operational Emergency Plans, and the Emergency
Management Guide produced by the DOE Office of Emergency Management contain
requirements and guidance, and outline criteria for these types of drills.