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Establishing Nuclear Facility Drill Programs - index
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DOE-HDBK-1099-96
4. INTRODUCTION
Proper response to abnormal conditions is vital for ensuring personnel safety and protecting
facility equipment and the environment. Personnel must be able to take the immediate actions
necessary to safely mitigate the consequences of an unexpected or abnormal and potentially
dangerous condition. Drills focus on the actions that are necessary to respond to abnormal
conditions that present a hazard to personnel, equipment, or the environment.
The primary objective of a drill program is to train and qualify personnel. Drills are an integral
component for safe and efficient facility operation. To successfully achieve this goal, drill
participation should be integrated into initial and continuing training. An effective drill program is
one of the best means available to management for assuring that the operating staff can safely
deal with unplanned, potentially hazardous situations.
The rigor and detail of a drill program will vary with facility complexity and hazard potential. For
example, a drill conducted at a reactor facility may involve several people and require a high
level of detail, whereas a drill conducted at a site support facility may involve only a few people
and require less detail. Drills conducted on safety related systems or components at high hazard
facilities may require a large drill team using a detailed drill scenario, while drills conducted on
safety systems at a low hazard facility may require a drill team of only a few persons.
To ensure proper implementation of a drill program, the duties, roles, and responsibilities of
personnel involved and the mechanics for conducting the drill should be delineated. This
ensures consistency of development, conduct, evaluations, critiques, and feedback into the
training and drill programs. Alternative methods of conducting drills should be included as an
integral part of the drill program to ensure the program is meeting its intended mission of training
facility operating personnel. Facility management should determine the appropriate level of effort
and resources to implement each element of the drill program, consistent with the risk and
complexity of the facility.
Regardless of the size, complexity, and risk of a facility, an effective drill program includes the
following essential elements:
Developed drill scenarios
7


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