The IFMSF should provide for the interim canning of leaking assemblies
Special design features should be considered for safe loading, removal,
and handling of IFM. These systems and equipment should protect
against the dropping of shipping casks, IFM assemblies, and other items
onto the stored IFM. In water-pool type facilities, damage to the pool
during loading and unloading operations should not allow the pool level to
drop below the minimum allowable depth. Consideration should be given
to features that will prevent breaching the pool integrity if a shipping cask
Exhaust systems for pool areas should be HEPA-filtered. Other types of
air-cleaning devices (adsorbers) should be considered.
Airborne radioactive wastes typically associated with IFMSFs that should
be considered include but are not limited to airborne releases associated
with the venting of transport casks and storage vessels. Cladding or
canning failure during long-term wet or dry storage is also a source of
airborne radioactive wastes.
Ventilation system design should consider the evaporation, mixing, and
condensation of potentially tritiated sources in collection systems above
and around pool areas.
REPROCESSING FACILITIES .
Introduction . A reprocessing facility is typically designed to recover uranium,
plutonium, and other selected actinides and selected fission products from
irradiated fissile fuel material and target material. The reprocessing facility is
typically designed to separate these materials from each other and from any
remaining actinides and fission products.