SPECIAL FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE
This section of the Design Considerations Handbook provides design principles that the facility
design team should consider for special facilities. These design principles have been
developed as a result of design and operating experience with such facilities. These
considerations should be consulted when designing facilities whose hazards and operations
are similar to those discussed in this section.
PLUTONIUM PROCESSING AND HANDLING FACILITIES.
Introduction . A plutonium processing and handling facility (PPHF) is typically
designed for the following functions involving plutonium:
shipping and receiving;
recovery of scrap/residue;
characterization, control, and accounting; and
management of plutonium-contaminated wastes.
Pu presents special design challenges because of its high specific
activity. Those considerations are not addressed here.
Design Considerations . The following sections provide specific design
considerations for a PPHF. The design of PPHFs should consider the following
features because of the special characteristics of plutonium and other materials
with high specific activity or radiotoxicity.
Shipping and Receiving . A PPHF should be sited away from highly populated
areas. It should also have reasonable access to major transportation networks,
such as rail systems and interstate highways while maintaining safe distance.