2.7 Pollution Prevention & Waste Minimization
ORNL's Pollution Prevention Program policy is to prevent all forms of pollution at the source whenever
feasible. Where source reduction is not feasible, remaining materials must be minimized and recycled,
reused, or reclaimed to the greatest extent possible. The Pollution Prevention Program is implemented by
sharing available stocks of chemicals that have been identified as no longer being needed, promoting
recycling and the use of recycled materials, using nonhazardous materials, and substituting less hazardous
materials in ORNL activities whenever possible to minimize the potential risks to people and the
ORNL established the CMC to facilitate sharing chemicals that have been identified as no longer being
needed. Unneeded chemicals may be transferred to the CMC if they meet established acceptance criteria.
By searching the Materials Exchange List or the CMC's homepage, chemical requesters may check for
needed chemicals in both the CMC and other inventories before purchasing additional chemicals.
Acquiring chemicals in this way helps minimize the quantities of hazardous chemicals brought on site.
Access to the Materials Exchange List is available to all staff through the MSDS database.
BUS areas are established by some divisions in order to provide timely access to needed chemicals within
the division. The primary mission of the BUS area is to conserve the resources of the research division by
reducing the number of partially used chemicals that are declared as waste within a division. BUS areas
may also reduce the cost of projects by providing free chemicals to laboratory personnel. Chemical
inventories must be updated in HMIS when ownership of chemicals is transferred.
2.8 Emergency Management
The Oak Ridge Reservation Emergency Plan (ORREP) provides policies, standards, and emergency
preparedness implementing procedures for effective emergency management of site hazards, consequence
assessments, and protective actions in the event of a hazardous material release. The ORREP is based on
the requirements of DOE Order O151.1A. Accordingly hazard assessments are conducted for all facilities
at ORNL and are reviewed annually and revised as necessary. These assessments, along with the HMIS
inventory reports, provide ORNL Emergency Preparedness with up-to-date information on hazards
present within a facility.
Hazardous waste at ORNL generated by research and operational divisions is packaged, characterized and
certified by the generating division supported by Laboratory Waste Services. Final certification is
performed by the Laboratory Waste Services Organization in accordance with the current revision of the
Waste Certification Program Plan. Disposition of hazardous wastes has been the responsibility of
Bechtel-Jacobs Company, LLC and their subcontractors. In the near future, UT-Battelle will resume the
responsibility for hazardous waste disposition.
Line management is ultimately responsible for the training and qualification of employees assigned to
their organizations and for ensuring that employees are provided with job-related information that affects
knowledge and skills necessary to perform their work.
Supervisors are responsible for the training, qualification, and performance of employees. They are
required to review the qualifications of employees, subcontractors, visitors, and temporary employees in