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Chemical Management (Volume 3 of 3) Consolidated Chemical User Safety and Health Requirements - index
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Requirements for Chemical Storage


DOE-HDBK-1139/3-2003
Chapter 5 - Chemical Storage
1.0 Introduction
This chapter identifies and consolidates existing user safety and health requirements found in DOE
and Federal chemical-related safety and health regulations and National Standards that address the
storage of chemicals (see definition) and chemical products (see definition). It specifically
consolidates requirements found in the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z49.1, the
Compressed Gas Association (CGA) G-1, and CGA P-1, National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA) 30, NFPA 45, NFPA 51, NFPA 55, NFPA 430, NFPA 432, the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration (OSHA) regulations found at 29CFR1910.6, 29CFR1910.106,
29CFR1910.134, 29CFR1910.253, 29CFR1926.350, and 29CFR1910.1200. It includes requirements
that are cited in either DOE O 440.1A or 29CFR1910.6 ("Incorporation by Reference") and technical
standards that are made mandatory by their specific reference within a regulation, rule or DOE Order.
State and local codes and requirements are NOT included. USDA regulations are NOT addressed
since the impact from these is considered to be negligible at DOE facilities. Similarly, EPA pesticide
regulations are NOT addressed in this document since most DOE sites do not routinely store
pesticides.
This chapter is intended to list chemical-related safety and health requirements and to consolidate
those that are overlapping and/or duplicative. The list of requirements includes "pointers" to the
sources of those requirements.
This document does NOT create any new or additional requirements.
2.0 Applicability
This chapter applies to all locations that store chemicals or chemical products.
[NOTE: Throughout this document, the term "chemicals" is used to indicate chemicals
and/or chemical products as described in Section 3, below.]
This document does NOT apply to:
 chemicals stored in tanks with a greater than 735-pound water capacity;
 drums that have a greater than 55 gallon capacity;
 chemical distribution systems (see definition);
 storage containers attached to a system;
 waste chemical storage;
 the building or design of chemical storage areas [a design engineer who is acquainted with those
requirements should be consulted before a chemical storage facility is built or before an existing
facility is converted to chemical storage.]
Special laboratory requirements presented in this document apply to laboratories that are constructed
and operated in accordance with NFPA 45, "Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using
Chemicals."
This chapter consolidates existing core safety and health requirements that all sites must follow when
engaged in chemical-related activities. The requirements included in this chapter come from sources
that have different safety purposes. As a result, some of these requirements may not always be
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