The "tailored approach" of the N&S Closure Process is not the same as the "graded
approach" even though the two approaches may arrive at a similar objective of applying
requirements in a manner that recognizes the significance of the hazard being
controlled. Tailoring is work and hazards based; grading is primarily requirements
The Tailored Approach is based on an understanding of the specific work, the work
environment, and the hazards associated with the specific work and on knowledge of
experience-supported standards that control the specific hazards. The N&S Closure
Process identifies a tailored set of standards from applicable standards sources. When
implemented, the standards provide for those hazards reasonable assurance of
adequate protection of workers, the public and the environment. The N&S Closure
Process "tailoring" is fundamentally work and hazards based.
The "graded approach" means grading selection of standards or grading application of
standards. In the graded approach the standards are DOE Orders or specific
requirements within DOE Orders. The application of "grading" varies the degree,
intensity or rigor of application of the standards across a range of defined work
depending on the relative significance of work hazards to be controlled. "Grading" is
fundamentally requirements based. A definition appears in the SAR Order (DOE O
What happens if oversight personnel do not agree that the set provides adequate
protection or was developed without the required fidelity to Process requirements?
If oversight personnel challenge the adequacy of the WSS set or challenge the bases for
its approval, the challenge must be resolved.
Resolution is provided by:
Under Chapter 1 of the N&S Closure Process any challenge to the WSS set is to
be submitted to the Agreement Parties where the challenge is decided on its