ISMS, the expectations for involving workers are addressed with standards identification
processes that are tailored to the specific characteristics of the work.
In the N&S Process, workers can provide invaluable contributions either as members of the
Identification or Confirmation Teams, or as Operational Experts who assist these teams with
their "knowledge and expertise relevant to the work and the site, facility, and activities." The
definition of who is a "worker" will of course depend on the nature of the work. For purposes of
the N&S Process, "workers" may include crafts personnel, engineers, designers, researchers,
ES&H professionals, and others.
Workers can be particularly valuable in the N&S Process by:
Identifying the work, associated hazards and standards. Those who regularly perform
the work in question will have detailed knowledge of how that work is done, and may
often be able to identify specific hazards, standards utilized or inefficiencies associated
with the work that would not be apparent to an outside analyst.
Evaluating the feasibility of the WSS set for implementation. Because workers are the
ones who directly implement the standards, they can provide insight into whether those
standards are reasonable and practical in the context of the actual work environment.
Unions representing workers are Stakeholders in any N&S Process application and should be
informed about the N&S Process and its expected effects on the workplace. Both the
communication of information about the N&S Process and the involvement of union workers as
Operational Experts should be coordinated through appropriate channels such as union