Performance tests include standards of measurement that are applied consistently in
evaluation of task performance. Standards may relate to the process, the product of
performance, or a combination of both. Process standards are step-by-step procedures that
must be followed, usually without deviation. Product standards prescribe output (the product
of performance) and criteria for judging acceptability of the performance (i.e., surface
machined to a tolerance of ±.002").
Task standards should be transferred directly from the TES to the performance test
whenever possible. However, limitations in the testing environment may require a best
approximation of the job standard used during the performance test. Typically the conditions
and standards for the elements of a task are implied in the conditions and standards of the
entire task. However, if an element has a unique condition and/or standard that is not
implied, then it should be stated with that element.
Determine Method of Accomplishment
Each task that is tested should have a designated method of accomplishment (MOA), or level
of performance, which dictates how the trainee is to demonstrate the task to the instructor.
The MOA is identified for a task and should be identified for the individual task elements so
that each trainee is tested in the same manner. There are four possible methods of
Perform the specified task using approved procedures and observing all
applicable safety and administrative requirements. This includes a thorough
discussion (usually prior to performing the task) addressing safety implications,
elements involved, the effects on associated equipment or systems, and
abnormal situations which may arise while performing the task. This method of
accomplishment is the most desirable level for performance testing.
Simulate performance of the specific task. Using approved procedures, "walk
through" the task and simulate all actual manipulations (valves, switches, tools,
etc.) an employee would perform. Describe applicable safety and administrative
requirements and the parameters (meter readings, charts, measurements, etc.)
an employee would observe/monitor during actual performance of the task.