Knowledge requirements which consist of the cognitive items supportive of the
Practical requirements which consist of the task elements and their related
The questions used for the knowledge requirements should be placed within the evaluation
standard to indicate when they are to be asked. Directions should require the instructor to
read the questions exactly as written. Space should also be provided to record the trainee's
response (if the correct response is not given). The correct answer should always be
included with the question.
Additional information from the TES may be included in the performance test such as
identifying the task's work group and other information as appropriate. Appendix C is an
example of a checklist that can be used when constructing a performance test.
The performance test should not be developed verbatim from a procedure. It should
summarize the procedure and be designed to evaluate critical aspects of a particular task. If
a task requires specific values such as torque and tolerance, they should be stated in the
standard for the task or element. Hold points should be inserted at desired locations in the
performance test to allow the instructor to grade the trainee's performance of the previous
The performance test package should consist of an administrative section, instructions to
both the instructor and the trainee, a guide for the instructor to use for scoring, a trainee
guide, an optional data sheet for trainee use, and a section used for documentation (e.g., a
check-off list). Appendices E and F are two examples of performance tests.
Develop Scoring Procedures
The developer should create an evaluation instrument that the instructor can use to
accurately measure the trainee's performance of each step of the performance test. The
evaluation instrument must measure the trainee's ability to demonstrate the task.