Along with learning objectives, the test developer should review any available supporting
instructional materials and other facility reference material to assist in test development. For
a more detailed discussion on learning objectives refer to the DOE Guide to Good Practices
for the Development of Learning Objectives.
3.3 Test Banks
Facility training departments should develop and maintain test banks. These banks should
consist of previously used tests, answer keys, and test items. Not only do these test banks
save a great deal of time, but the resulting tests are significantly improved because of any
modifications made following the use of each test. Training programs should include such a
test bank and instructors should collect test analysis information each time a test is used.
Since facility training organizations may provide training by program area using several
instructors, it is important that the test bank concept be applied at the program level. In this
way, the size, scope, and uniformity of the testing process will be improved.
The widespread use of computers and data-base software has added significantly to the
capabilities and flexibility of such systems. For example, multiple versions of a test may be
produced to increase test security during administration. There is a large amount of written
test generation and records maintenance software systems available to increase the ease
and efficiency of test development and administration. These systems provide an effective
tool for test item evaluation and improvement.
Test Bank Establishment Considerations
The following should be considered when establishing test banks:
The scope of the bank
Effective security controls for computerized test banks
An ongoing program for test and test item analysis
The use of machine-scored answer sheets as appropriate
Clear guidelines and procedures
A test outline or test specifications