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Introduction - hdbk12050007
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Guide to Good Practices for the Design, Development, and Implementation of Examinations
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Trainee Selection and Placement


DOE-HDBK-1205-97
2. THE PURPOSES OF TESTING
There are several reasons for using tests in job and training environments. These include:
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Trainee assessment
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Trainee selection and placement
C
Trainee motivation
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Instructional improvement
C
Program evaluation
C
Testing as a teaching instrument.
These reasons each have their benefits and are applicable to the development and conduct
of DOE training programs. In a program based on the systematic approach to training, tests
are normally designed and developed for the purpose of trainee assessment. However, the
other reasons listed can also be acieved by analyzing and interpreting the test results.
2.1 Trainee Assessment
When designing a test, the purpose of the test should always be to evaluate which learning
objectives have been met and therefore the knowledge acquired or which tasks or partial
tasks a trainee is qualified to perform. However, the results of the test may be used to tell
us more than that when combined with other evaluation results. For example, results may
indicate that:
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the trainee qualifies for advanced placement or exception
C
the material on a particular subject needs upgrading
C
a particular test question is poorly worded.
When properly developed and conducted, testing should provide a valid and reliable
indicator of trainee performance. Whether written, oral, or performance, tests provide the
most complete and efficient method of collecting and documenting data on trainee
performance. Observation interviews and other applied research methods can also offer a
significant amount of information.
3


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