22. Emergency Management Advisory Committee (EMAC): The EMAC supports the DEO in the development
of specific policy and technical recommendations affecting Departmental emergency preparedness. Its
membership parallels that of the Secretary's Executive Committee, with emergency management
representatives appointed by: the Assistant Secretaries (Nuclear Energy; Fossil Energy; Conservation and
Renewable Energy; Defense Programs; Environment, Safety, and Health; International Affairs and Energy
Emergencies; Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs), the Directors (Energy Research; New
Production Reactors; Civilian Radioactive Waste Management; Environmental Management; Nuclear
Safety; Administration and Human Resource Management; Public Affairs), and the Administrators (Energy
Information Administration and the Power Administrations). In addition, the General Counsel and the
Heads of Field Elements should also appoint emergency management representatives to the EMAC.
23. Emergency Management Team (EMT): A DOE team formed to manage response actions during
emergencies involving DOE facilities or requiring DOE assistance. EMTs are formed at the contractor,
Field Element, and HQ levels. The HQ EMT consists of the Executive Team and the Technical Operations
Cadre. EMTs are formed in response to Operational (OEMT), Energy (EEMT), and Continuity of
Government (COGEMT) Emergencies.
24. Emergency Operations Center (EOC): A central facility from which management and support personnel
carry out coordinated emergency response activities. The emergency operations center may be a dedicated
facility or office, conference room, or other predesignated location having appropriate communications and
informational materials to carry out the assigned emergency response mission and located, where possible,
in a secure and protected location.
25. Emergency Operations Facility (EOF): A center established to coordinate the flow of technical information
from the on-site Emergency Response Organization. It is typically in the EOF that accident assessment
activities are coordinated among federal, state, local, and other participating personnel.
26. Emergency Plan: A brief, clear, and concise description of the overall emergency organization, designation
of responsibilities, and procedures, including notifications, involved in coping with any or all aspects of a
potential credible emergency.
27. Emergency Planning: The development and preparation of emergency plans and procedures and the
identification of necessary personnel and resources to provide an effective response.
28. Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ): A geographic area surrounding a specific DOE facility for which special
planning and preparedness efforts are carried out to ensure that prompt and effective protective actions can
be taken to reduce or minimize the impact to onsite personnel, public health and safety, and the environment
in the event of an Operational Emergency.
29. Emergency Preparedness: The training of personnel, acquisition and maintenance of resources, and
exercising of the plans, procedures, personnel, and resources essential for emergency response.
30. Emergency Readiness Assurance Plan (ERAP): A plan to ensure that emergency plans, implementing
procedures, and resources are adequate and sufficiently exercised and evaluated.