77. Site Area Emergency: One of the classes of Emergency in the Operational and Energy categories. Within
the context of an Operational Emergency, a Site Area Emergency represents events which are in progress
or have occurred involving actual or likely major failure(s) of facility safety or safeguards systems needed
for the protection of onsite personnel, the public health and safety, the environment, or national security.
Any environmental releases of hazardous materials are not expected to exceed the appropriate PAG or
ERPG exposure levels offsite. Within the Energy Emergency category, a Site Area Emergency represents
an event in which a substantial supply impact is anticipated.
78. Source Material: (1) Uranium or thorium, or any combination thereof, in any physical or chemical form
or (2) ores which contain by weight one-twentieth of one percent (0.05%) or more of: (1) Uranium, (2)
thorium, or (3) any combination thereof. Source material does not include special nuclear material.
79. Source Term: The amount of material available for release.
80. Special Nuclear Material (SNM): Plutonium, uranium-233, uranium enriched in the 235 isotope, or any
other material which the NRC, pursuant to the provisions of Section 51 of the Atomic Energy Act,
determines to be special nuclear material, not including source material.
81. State Emergency Response Commission (SERC): A state commission established pursuant to EPCRA
(SARA Title III), P.L. 99-499 Sec. 301, responsible for hazmat emergency planning statewide, including
establishment of local emergency planning districts and LEPCs.
82. Technical Operations Cadre: A component of the HQ EMT. The Technical Operations Cadre is made
up of personnel from the cognizant Program Office and specialized HQ offices. The Technical Operations
Cadre provides management and direction to the DOE response, coordinates with other Federal agencies,
and provides information to the press, Congress and other Federal agencies.
83. Technical Support Center (TSC): The technical support center is a center for technical evaluation of the
environment, safety, and health implications of an emergency. The center also recommends protective or
mitigative measures to the emergency operations center.
84. Tracking and Satellite Communications System (TRANSCOM): A 24-hour, real-time tracking and two-
way communications system designed to monitor the movement of radioactive materials including spent
fuel, high-level waste, transuranic waste, and other high visibility shipments, as determined by DOE.
85. Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP): A DOE coordinated emergency preparedness
plan concentrating on non-weapons transportation activities and involving DOE shipments and DOE
capabilities to carry out responsibilities under the NCP, FRERP, and other regulations.