423 Transportation of Radioactive Material
49 CFR 170 through 180 establish requirements for inspecting and surveying packages, containers, and transport
conveyances prior to transport via the public transportation system. These regulations apply to radioactive material
transportation in commerce.
DOE Order 460.1, DOE Order 460.2 and DOE 5610 series Orders provide requirements that are in conformance with 49
CFR requirements for transportation of radioactive material using any conveyance. 10 CFR 835.1(b)(4) excludes
radioactive material transportation activities that are performed in accordance with the applicable transportation
requirements (i.e., DOT or DOE requirements) from the requirements of 10 CFR 835. However, radioactive material
transportation (as defined in 10 CFR 835) does not include preparation of materials for shipment, packaging and
labeling, or performance of radiological monitoring required for occupational radiation protection. Therefore, these
activities shall be conducted in accordance with 10 CFR 835 [see 835.2(a), radioactive material transportation, and
835.1(b)] and should be conducted in accordance with this Standard.
Table 2-2 removable contamination values are more limiting than 49 CFR requirements and should be used as
controlling limits for on-site and off-site transportation when using a conveyance that is owned by DOE. However,
when a shipment is received from an off-site destination, by a non-DOE conveyance, the 49 CFR 173 contamination
values should be applied to all subsequent on-site transfers to the ultimate on-site destination.
On-site transfers over non-public thoroughfares or between facilities on the same site should be performed in
accordance with written procedures utilizing pre -approved routes. The procedures or other measures should
include requirements to ensure appropriate monitorin g and control of the radioactive material and should be
approved by the radiological control organization.
On-site transfers over public thoroughfares by non-DOE conveyance shall be performed in accordance with
Department of Transportation, state, and local shipping requirements and pre -approved agreements. Onsite
transfers over public thoroughfares by DOE conveyance shall be performed in accordance with applicable DOE
Orders and should conform with state and local shipping requirements and pre -approved agreements [see DOE
Before shipment and upon receipt of a radioactive material shipment, a visual inspection of packages should be
performed to ensure that packages are not damaged. The inspection should identify dents, flaking paint, debris ,
package orientation, and any indication of leakage.
Before shipment and upon receipt of a radioactive material shipment, a comparison of package count to the shipping
manifest should be made to ensure accountability.
Transport conveyances should be visually inspected prior to loading to ensure the trailers are acceptable for the
Transport conveyances should be radiologically surveyed before loading, especially when using commercial
carriers specializing in radioactive transport. The surveys should be adequate to identify any contamination
remaining on the vehicle from previous radioactive material transport evolutions, such that DOE and its contractors
would not be held liable.
Transport of large volumes of radioactive material by non-DOE motor vehicles should be "exclusive use" to prevent
commingling of DOE and other commercial shipments.