a. Compaction: May produce reduction factors of up to 5 to 1.
b. Shredding: May produce reduction factors of up to 12 to 1.
c. Incineration: Difficult under present regulations and political climate;
allowed under 10 CFR 20.2004. Currently, scintillation fluids are
incinerated by commercially licensed vendors.
Mixed waste is exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, to dispose of at this time.
Currently, DOE has a self-imposed moratorium on the off-site shipment of
RCRA/TSCA waste suspected of having radioactivity. This moratorium was
instituted by the DOE Office of Waste Management (EM-30).
1. The EM-30 Performance Objective (PO) for Certification of Non-radioactive
Hazardous Wastes was developed in 1991 and is currently under revision. This
PO was developed to guide DOE sites in addressing the issue of hazardous waste
that contains added radioactivity.
2. Ways to avoid generating mixed waste:
Use non-hazardous cleaning materials for decontamination whenever
Segregate "radioactive only" from "hazardous only" at the source.
Explore the use of other materials that are non-hazardous for use in
radiological areas to prevent the generation of mixed waste.
Discontinue use of non-biodegradable (organic solvent based) liquid
scintillation media. Biodegradable liquid scintillation media are available.
Some States are more restrictive than the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) in their listing of those scintillation cocktails that are
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