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Emergency Management
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DOE-STD-1128-98
planning" requirements. Rather than meet these requirements piecemeal
through separate programs, DOE has combined, under the EMS, all planning
and preparedness activities for emergency events having health, safety or
environmental significance.
(c) Classification of Emergencies and Graded Response. Operational
emergencies involving hazardous materials are grouped into one of three
classes according to magnitude or severity. Classification of events is
intended to promote more timely and effective response by triggering
planned response actions generally appropriate to all events of a given class.
This principle, termed "graded response", is embodied in DOE Order
requirements and is important to the effective management of response
resources.
(d) Tiers of Emergency Management Responsibility. Within the EMS,
responsibility for emergency management extends from the individual
facility level to the cognizant DOE Field Element, and culminates at the
cognizant Headquarters Program Office. The responsibilities vested at each
level of the hierarchy are specified in DOE Order 151.1 (DOE, 2000a). The
responsibility and authority for recognizing, classifying, and mitigating
emergencies always rests with the facility staff. The head of the cognizant
Field Element oversees the response of contractors and supports the response
with communications, notifications, logistics, and coordination with other
DOE elements. The DOE Headquarters (HQ) Emergency Operations Center
(EOC) receives, coordinates, and disseminates emergency information to HQ
elements, the cognizant Program Office, Congressional offices, the White
House, and other Federal Agencies.
9.1.2
Requirements Pertaining to All DOE Operations
DOE Order 151.1 (DOE, 2000a) identifies standard program elements that
comprise each DOE facility emergency management program. The elements form a
standard framework, with the details of each program element varying according to
the nature and magnitude of the facility hazards and other factors. The Orders
require that a facility-specific hazards assessment be conducted and the results used
as the technical basis for the program element content. Using the results of an
objective, quantitative, and rigorous hazards assessment as a basis, each program is
configured to the specific hazards and response needs of the facility.
9-2


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