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DOE Standard Guide of Good Practices for Occupational Radiological Protection In Plutonium Facilities
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DOE-STD-1128-98
radioactive material area: Any area within a controlled area, accessible to individuals, in which
items or containers of radioactive material exist and the total activity of radioactive material
exceeds the applicable values provided in appendix E of 10 CFR 835. (10 CFR 835)
radiological area: Any area within a controlled area which must be posted as a "radiation area,"
"high radiation area," "very high radiation area," "contamination area," "high contamination
area," or "airborne radioactivity area" in accordance with 10 CFR 835.603. (10 CFR 835)
radiological worker: A general employee whose job assignment involves operation of radiation
producing devices or working with radioactive materials, or who is likely to be routinely
occupationally exposed above 0.1 rem (0.001 sievert) per year total effective dose equivalent. (10
CFR 835)
radiological work permit (RWP): The permit that identifies radiological conditions, establishes
worker protection and monitoring requirements, and contains specific approvals for radiological
work activities. The Radiological Work Permit serves as an administrative process for planning
and controlling radiological work and informing the worker of the radiological conditions. (RCS)
radiological protection organization: A contractor organization responsible for radiation
protection activities within contractor facilities. This organization is independent of the line
organizational element responsible for production, operation, or research activities and should
report to the contractor senior site executive. (Sealed Source IG)
real-time air monitoring: Collection and real-time analysis of the workplace atmosphere using
continuous air monitors (CAMs).
refresher training: The training scheduled on the alternate year when full retraining is not
completed for Radiological Worker I and Radiological Worker II personnel. (RCS)
removable contamination: Radioactive material that can be removed from surfaces by
nondestructive means, such as casual contact, wiping, brushing or washing. (RCS)
representative air sampling: The sampling of airborne radioactive material in a manner such
that the sample collected closely approximates both the amount of activity and the physical and
chemical properties (e.g., particle size and solubility) of the aerosol to which the workers may be
exposed.
residual radioactive material: Any radioactive material which is in or on soil, air, water,
equipment, or structures as a consequence of past operations or activities. (Draft 10 CFR 834)
sanitary waste: Sanitary waste is waste that is neither hazardous nor radioactive. (DOE/S-0101)
source-specific air sampling: Collection of an air sample near an actual or likely release point in
a work area using fixed-location samplers or portable air samplers.
survey: An evaluation of the radiological conditions and potential hazards incident to the
production, use, transfer, release, disposal, or presence of radioactive material or other sources of
radiation. When appropriate, such an evaluation includes a physical survey of the location of
radioactive material and measurements or calculations of levels of radiation, or concentrations or
quantities of radioactive material present.
A-5


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