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DOE-EM-STD-5503-94
3.0. HAZARD ASSESSMENT
3.1. BACKGROUND
The overall objectives of the Hazard Assessment chapter are to provide guidance on:
The development of site-specific procedures designed to effectively identify, assess, and
control site hazards;
The identification of all onsite operations, jobs and related tasks that are hazardous due to
their inherent characteristics;
The development of a system for assessing the safety and health hazards identified at the
site;
The identification and use of engineering and administrative controls, and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) to minimize worker exposure to site hazards; and
The establishment of site-specific hazard control evaluation activities.
Hazards at EM-40 sites pose a multitude of safety and health concerns. The hazards are a
function of the nature of the site and the work being performed. Examples of such hazards
include, but are not limited to:
Chemical exposure (irritation, organ/tissue damage, and central nervous system
depression);
Radioactive exposure (tissue damage or cancer);
Safety/Construction hazards (fire and explosion, excavating/trenching, electrical hazards,
and slip/trip/fall);
Machinery (rotating, crushing, digging and drilling);
Transportation (accidents, spills);
Biological hazards (poisonous plants, animals, snakes, insects, and pathogens);
Physical hazards (noise, eyes, feet, head, oxygen deficiency, temperature extreme stress-
heat stress/cold exposure);
Weather (ice/mud/flooding, high winds, tornados, hurricanes, electrical storms);
Confined spaces (oxygen deficiencies, chemical exposure hazards);
Ergonomic/Repetitive motion (back injuries, carpal tunnel syndrome);
Asbestos (asbestosis, mesothelioma);
Material handling (storage, housekeeping).
Due to the nature of a hazardous waste site, these hazards may be severe, and may occur in a
large variety of forms and locations. Their recognition and evaluation is necessary for planning
and managing operations at a site.
3-1


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