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DOE-EM-STD-5503-94
5.0. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
5.1. BACKGROUND
The purpose of personal protective clothing and equipment (PPE) is to shield or isolate
individuals from the chemical, physical, radiological, and biological hazards that may be
encountered at a hazardous waste site when engineering and other controls are not feasible or
cannot provide adequate protection. Careful selection and use of adequate PPE should protect
the health of EM-40 employees.
No single combination of PPE is capable of protecting against all hazards. Therefore, PPE
should be used in conjunction with, not in place of, other protective methods, such as
engineering controls and safe work practices. A written PPE program, as required by 29 CFR
1910.120(g)(5) should be in place at all EM-40 hazardous waste sites. The effectiveness of the
PPE program should be evaluated regularly. The use of PPE can itself create significant worker
hazards, such as heat stress, physical and psychological stress, impaired vision, reduced mobility,
and distorted communication. In general, the higher the level of PPE protection, the greater are
the risks associated with use of PPE. For any given situation, PPE should be selected to provide
an adequate level of protection. Over-protection as well as under-protection can be hazardous
and should be avoided.
The overall objectives of this chapter are:
To describe the PPE program that will provide EM-40 hazardous waste site workers with
protection from chemical, physical, biological and radiological hazards;
To comply with applicable DOE and regulatory requirements; and
To establish the selection, use, upgrade/downgrade, and training requirements for the PPE
program.
5.2. GENERAL PROVISIONS
Personal protective equipment should be utilized when:
It is not possible and/or feasible to implement engineering controls and work practices
that will ensure the safety and health of workers;
It is necessary to reduce and maintain employee exposure to below the permissible
exposure limits (PELs) in 29 CFR 1910, Subparts G and Z, and/or below the threshold
limit values (TLVs) established by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists (ACGIH); or in the absence of PELs or TLVs, below the recommended
exposure limits published in the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) publication, NIOSH Recommendations for Occupational Health Standards
dated 1992;
5-1


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