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Radiological Control
Excellence in Radiological Control
June 2004
This Standard will be kept current and should be entered into the contractor document control system. The Office
of Environment, Safety and Health will ensure that a current version of this Standard is maintained on the DOE
Technical Information System (TIS).
113 Implementation
This Standard sets forth DOE's views on the proper course of action in the area of radiological control within the
scope of DOE-sponsored activities. The words "shall" and "should" have the meaning below when used in this
The word "shall" identifies those elements and requirements that DOE has considered and found to be mandatory
due to their derivation from related regulatory requirements found in 10 CFR 835 or other regulations or DOE orders.
These requirements are indicated by a bracketed reference following the related Standard provision (e.g., [see
835.XXX]). For purposes of regulatory and contractual compliance, DOE encourages users of the Standard to refer
to the source document to view the requirement in context and to determine the applicability of the requirement to
the specific facility operations and hazards. Federal regulation 10 CFR part 820, Procedural Rules for DOE Nuclear
Activities, establishes requirements for obtaining exemptions from DOE regulatory requirements. Due to its primary
focus on line management implementation strategies, the Standard does not address all of the requirements of 10
CFR 835.
The word "should" means DOE has evaluated the provision and found that it is a proven practice or remedy that
supports comp liance with the basic requirements found in applicable regulations or DOE Orders or their underlying
basis documents for occupational radiation protection.. The use of "should" recognizes that: 1) there may be site-
or facility-specific attributes that wa rrant special treatment; 2) the safety benefit derived from implementation of the
provision may not in all cases be commensurate with the associated detriments (e.g., financial cost, worker
discomfort, schedule impacts); and 3) literal compliance with the provision may not achieve the desired level of
radiological control performance. Although a contractor may decide to follow an alternative technique, approach, or
method in lieu of the "should" provision, DOE encourages implementation of these provisions to ensure compliance
with the underlying basic requirements.
The term "Article" is used to reference portions or sections of this document. For ease of communications, portions
of this document should be referred to as Articles. For example, the appropriate reference to this Article is Article
114 Site -Specific Manual
The contractor senior site executive should issue and endorse a site-specific radiological control manual that
invokes the applicable provisions of this Standard. The site-specific radiological control manual does not require
review or approval by DOE-EH. One approach in the development of site-specific radiological control manuals is to
invoke the applicable provisions of this Standard as written with site specific additio ns, supplements, and
clarifications clearly indicated, included in the appropriate chapters, and directly referenced to the corresponding
article. The provisions of specific articles may be changed from "should" to "shall" on a site-specific basis as
necessary to emphasize those measures that are deemed necessary for compliance or to ensure the desired level of
safety. Additions and supplements to address unique situations or to provide more detailed or prescriptive
direction may be included.
Manageme nt policies, requirements, expectations, and objectives for the site radiological control program should be
clearly and unambiguously stated.
The site-specific manual should be kept current and entered into the contractor document control system.

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