
 DOESTD30132004
Table B3
Values of Parameters used to Calculate Pressure
Symbol
Quantity
Value
Symbol
Quantity
Value
P
Container Pressure
psia
V1
Gas Volume of
1.704 l
Container*
P0
Fill Gas Pressure at Filling 14.7 psia
m
Mass of Oxide
5.0 kg
ρ
T1
Evaluation Temperature
477.4 K
Density of Oxide
10 kg/l
T0
Fill Gas Temperature at
303 K
Q0
Container Energy
12.4 w
Filling
Generation
τ
L
Water Content
0.5 wt%
Storage Time
50 yr.
* The gas volume is determined by subtracting the material volume (mass of 5.0 kg divided by density of
10 kg/l to yield 0.5 l) from the 2.204 l free volume of the BNFL container system.
P = P0(T1/T0).+ 0.67 mLT1/V1 + 7.517x105 Q0τT1/V1
=
14.7*(477.4/303) + 0.67*5*0.5*477.4/1.704 +
+ 7.517x105* 12.4 *50*477.4/1.704
=
23.2 + 452.5 + 13.1
= 489 psia
This calculation is comparable to calculations prescribed in DOESTD301399 and yields
comparable results. For "pure oxide" a pressure of approximately 500 psia is bounding.
B.3.4.2
Example with Unknown Density, 19 w Heat Load
Assume that a BNFL container will be filled with 5 kg of material with an unknown density. The
other parameters given above remain unchanged except for the heat generation rate, which is
now assumed to be 19 w. Since the density is unknown but the bulk material fills the
convenience container, we use the packing fraction method to determine the density as
5.0 kg/1.839 l/0.62 or 4.385kg/l. Using that density, we calculate the free gas volume as 2.204
5/4.385, or 1.064 l. Not too surprisingly, this is also equal to 38% of the convenience
container volume plus the two annular spaces in the container system (1.839 x 0.38 + 0.229 +
0.136 = 1.064 l)
P = 23.2 + 0.67*5*0.5*477.4/1.064 + 7.517x105*19*50*477.4/1.064
= 23.2 + 751.7 + 30.1
=805 psia
61

Privacy Statement  Press Release  Copyright Information.  Contact Us 