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DOE-STD-6003-96 Emergency Plans and Procedures
An emergency plan and procedures should be developed for the facility. The plan is a
documented "concept of operation" that describes the essential elements that have been con-
sidered and the provisions that have been made to mitigate emergency situations. The plan
should incorporate information about the emergency response roles of supporting organizations
and agencies and should be consistent with a graded approach to managing an incident. Pro-
grams should contain emergency implementing procedures [e.g., EALs, event categorization,
notification, and Emergency Operations Center (EOC) operation] as well as other procedures
currently in use (e.g., equipment operation, radiological monitoring, and maintenance) that
would be utilized in, or associated with, emergency response activities.
Procedures must maintain consistency with the general graded approach and nomencla-
ture of emergency planning and preparedness elements within Federal and State agencies, pri-
vate industry, tribal, and local authorities. Hazards Assessment
Hazards assessments provide the technical basis for emergency management programs.
The extent of emergency planning and preparedness required for a particular facility directly
corresponds to the type and scope of hazards present and the potential consequences of off-
normal events. A hazards assessment includes identification of any hazards and targets unique
to a facility, analyses of potential events, and evaluation of potential event consequences. The
Final Safety Analysis Report (see Chapter 5) provides for potential off-normal events at the
Methodology, models, and evaluation techniques used in the hazards assessment should
be documented. The assessment should include a determination of the size of the Emergency
Planning Zones where applicable, that is, the area surrounding the facility for which special
planning and preparedness efforts are required to ensure that prompt and effective protective
actions can be taken to minimize the risk to workers, the general public, and the environment.
Other hazards assessments are documented in Material Safety Data Sheets; Safety
Assessments; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Plans; Pre-Fire Plans; Environ-
mental Assessments and Impact Statements (EAs and EISs); Emergency Response Planning
Guidelines; Severe Accident Analyses; and the Emergency and Hazardous Chemical Inventory
Forms and Toxic Chemical Release Forms, prepared pursuant to the requirements of the
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (SARA Title III). Emergency Response Organization
An emergency response organization should have overall responsibility for the initial and
ongoing response to, and mitigation of, an emergency, and must perform, but not be limited to,
the following functions:

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