Place evacuation routes predominately upwind from the Exclusion Zone;
Run evacuation routes through the Contamination Reduction Zone;
Consider the accessibility of potential routes;
Develop two or more routes, separate from each other;
Clearly mark all evacuation routes;
Check clearances of access ports, crawlspaces, hatches, manholes, tunnels, etc., to ensure
personnel wearing PPE can get through; and
Establish a routine for ensuring all evacuation routes are kept clear.
A map should be provided which depicts evacuation routes for the site and immediate area.
Assembly areas and safe distances in the event of a major incident should also be included. This
information should be included in the overall training program.
11.8. DECONTAMINATION PROCEDURES
This section specifically addresses decontamination procedures necessary in emergency response
situations. If the general Decontamination section of the HASP adequately addresses emergency
response decontamination, that section may be reproduced and inserted into the ERP section of
the HASP. Additional emergency decontamination procedures should be developed if
The following items should be considered when developing emergency decontamination
Decontamination of ill or injured personnel,
Reporting of all injuries and illnesses to the Project Manager,
Protection of emergency medical personnel,
Decontamination and/or disposal of contaminated protection equipment and
Providing specific decontamination procedures to a clinic or hospital treating ill or
injured personnel, and
Decontamination of emergency equipment.
11.9. EMERGENCY MEDICAL TREATMENT/FIRST AID
In emergencies, toxic exposures and hazardous situations that cause injuries and illnesses will
vary from site to site. Medical treatment may range from bandaging of minor cuts and abrasions
to life-saving techniques. In many cases, essential medical help may not be immediately
available. For this reason, it is vital to train onsite emergency personnel in on-the-spot treatment
techniques, to establish and maintain telephone contact with medical experts (e.g., physicians,
toxicologists), and to establish liaisons with local hospitals and ambulance services. When
designing this program, the following should be included: