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3.1 Why Conduct Needs Analysis? With today's shrinking DOE budget and the emphasis
and requirements placed on training programs, needs analysis is essential. The rationale
for conducting this important activity is to provide an effective and efficient validation of a
request either to develop training or to examine possible solutions to a performance
problem. Much of today's training has been developed based on a facility's perceived
training need rather than an analytically determ ined training need. Therefore, the training
developed does not always address the training issue, yet training programs are
developed at a tremendous cost to DOE. A needs analysis can often not only limit the
amount of unnecessary training developed, but also provide possible solutions to
performance problems other than training.
needs analysis is to examine possible training and non-training solutions for problems in
an existing or a new training program. When undesirable performance occurs, training is
often blamed for that performance. Results of an investigation almost always reveal that
training is not adequate. In response to this, training organizations immediately develop
training to correct the undesirable performance, yet in many instances, after training has
been developed and implemented, the undesirable performance is still present. By using
needs analysis to systematically examine what people or programs are expected to do
and gathering data to reveal what they are actually doing, we receive a clear picture of
the real problem. When the problem is accurately defined, the analysis activity then
generates a report detailing the problem, the causes, and the recommended training and
non-training solutions.
3.3 Who Should Be Involved? The people who should be involved in the TTNA process are
those subject matter experts (SMEs), supervisors, job incumbents, engineers, and
instructional technologists who are familiar with the specific job position and the problem
in question. Depending on the job, SMEs from similar facilities might also participate.
TTNA is usually conducted to clarify a training request or review existing training
programs. The most common types of requests include:
Verify a training/qualification program with the requirements of an Order.

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